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Table 4 Bivariate and multivariate analysis on factors associated with undernutrition among adult TB patients in some selected public health facilities of Addis Ababa, 2014

From: Prevalence and associated factors of undernutrition among adult tuberculosis patients in some selected public health facilities of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

Variables Undernutrition COR(95 % CI) P value AOR(95 % CI) P value
Yes (%) No (%)
Age       
  < 24 42(29.4) 48(22.1) 1.00   1.00  
 24-30 31(21.7) 63(29.0) 0.56(0.31,1.02) 0.059 0.58(0.26,1.30) 0.187
 31-40 34(23.8) 53(24.4) 0.73(0.40,1.33) 0.309 0.84(0.39,1.81) 0.661
  > 40 36(25.2) 53(24.4) 0.78(0.43,1.40) 0.402 0.55(0.25,1.23) 0.146
Occupational status       
 Employed(Government & NGO) 37(25.9) 46(21.2) 1.00   1.00  
 Merchant /Self -Employed 40(28.0) 82(37.8) 0.61(0.34,1.08) 0.088 0.64(0.33,1.25) 0.188
 Daily laborer/house made 21(14.7) 32(14.7) 0.82(0.41,1.64) 0.569 0.63(0.26,1.56) 0.319
 Unemployed (house wife, Student) 45(31.5) 57(26.3) 0.98(0.55,1.76) 0.950 0.76(0.33,1.76) 0.518
Functional Status       
 Working 41(28.7) 102(47.0) 1.00   1.00  
 Ambulatory 98(68.5) 114(52.5) 2.14(1.36,3.36) 0.001 2.57(1.42,4.68) 0.002
 Bed ridden 4(2.8) 1(0.5) 9.95(1.08,91.72) 0.043 2.34(0.16,33.82) 0.532
TB/HIV co-infection       
 Yes 37(25.9) 37(17.1) 1.00   1.00  
 No 106(74.1) 180(82.9) 1.70(1.02,2.84) 0.044 1.28(0.66,2.52) 0.466
Dietary Counseling       
 Yes 70(49.0) 78(35.9) 1.00   1.00  
 No 73(51.0) 139(64.1) 1.71(1.11,2.63) 0.014 1.79(1.03,3.12) 0.039
Eating Problem       
 Yes 31(21.7) 28(12.9) 1.00   1.00  
 No 112(78.3) 189(87.1) 1.87(1.07,3.28) 0.029 1.75(0.85,3.62) 0.129
Type of TB       
 Pulmonary TB 109(76.2) 150(69.1) 1.00   1.00  
 Extra pulmonary TB 34(23.8) 67(30.9) 0.70(0.43,1.13) 0.143 0.77(0.41,1.45) 0.420
Income(N = 256)       
  < 800 ETB 38(36.5) 39(25.7) 1.00   1.00  
 800-1500 ETB 34(32.7) 54(35.5) 0.65(0.35,1.20) 0.167 0.61(0.31,1.19) 0.061
  > 1500 ETB 32(30.8) 59(38.8) 0.56(0.30,1.04) 0.064 0.51(0.25,1.03) 0.593